Amid mob theft scare, Bay Area property crime in 2021 was modestly up and down
Many cities — San Jose and Berkeley, for two — enjoyed a second consecutive year
of decreases in property crime. And even those that endured year-over-year
increases still have not risen back to pre-pandemic peaks.
Oakland saw a 7.5% increase in all property crime from 2020 but is still down
12.3% overall from 2019.
San Francisco, up 11.8% in property crime from the year before, remains 11.2%
below its 2019 levels.
Walnut Creek — where a mid-November mass attack on a downtown Nordstrom
reverberated nationwide — has seen property crime decline 9% from two years ago.
The data underscore a couple of things: Just how dramatic an impact the
coronavirus pandemic has had in lowering property crime rates — a phenomenon
experts still struggle to explain — and the power of high-profile crimes to
shape public perception.
Gov. Gavin Newsom acknowledged as much at a Dec. 17 news conference in which he
pledged $255 million in law-enforcement grants over the next three years,
saying, “Stats mean nothing when it comes to feelings,” and extending sympathy
to people whose sense of personal and public safety has diminished.
South Bay Congressman Ro Khanna, whose district covers parts of the South and
East Bay, echoed the sentiment.
“I’m not a big person into just looking at macroeconomic statistics. I look at,
what are people in my district are feeling,” Khanna said. “They’re concerned
about public safety. They’re concerned about going to shop outside, being
outside at coffee shops, their cars being stolen.”
Jonathan Simon, a UC Berkeley law professor specializing in criminal justice,
said a “moral panic” has emerged in the wake of these high-profile thefts,
characterized by semi-organized groups that used brute-force tactics to ransack
Chris Herrmann, an assistant professor at the John Jay College of Criminal
Justice in New York and former police crime analyst, said the group theft
incidents — which he has dubbed “mobberies” — should be viewed as outliers until
more data shows otherwise.
“It’s a big problem for a very small amount of people or locations,” Herrmann
said. “Still, it’s a very traumatic event, and people are very scared.”
As soon as the mass retail thefts began to surface, Proposition 47 was once
again in political crosshairs. But the
most authoritative studies of its impact have not been able to draw a direct
causal link between the law and increases in property crime. The majority of
claims asserting so have been based on anecdotal and empirical observations.
“Ultimately, it’s because progressive DA’s are not filing criminal charges on
criminals,” Richmond police Lt. Aaron Pomeroy said. “We arrest criminals. If you
commit a crime, we arrest you. If you get arrested, get let out and see no major
justice, we arrest you again.”
To that sentiment, Simon said, “If you looked at the issue through the lens of
pre- and post-Prop. 47, it would be hard for criminologists really to see
significant trends. There should be something capturing that post 47 moment,
right? But overall, almost every category of crime has gone down, including
Walnut Creek police Chief Jamie Knox said it’s still too soon to place
definitive blame on any policy or law for what’s driving property crime trends.
“As for Prop. 47, there’s a lot of different opinions out there. I’m not sure we
have enough data yet to make any definitive conclusions on it,” Knox said.
“Crime ebbs and flows on a number of factors.”